The advancements in technology have brought a new invention to the forefront which has taken the electronic appliances industry by storm and those are the Inverters which are mainly concerned with the compressors present in the electromotors. Many energy efficient solutions in air conditioners have been developed over the course of time, but there is nothing that can beat the functionality and efficiency of the inverter AC. The Inverter, in this case, is used to regulate the speed of the motor so as to manage the temperature. The composition of the DC inverter is such that the drive converts the incoming alternate current (AC) current to direct current (DC) and the modulation in the electrical inverter produces the current of the desired frequency. With this technology, the air conditioning appliances have become more efficient in terms of contraction, and have subsequently resulted in the life extension of their parts. Moreover, the sharp and variable fluctuations in the load which one used to see earlier have now been almost eliminated. This change has subsequently made the inverter AC units quieter with low operating costs and fewer breakdowns.
In general, it has been seen that every air conditioner is designed in such a manner that it would support maximum peak load. With an inverter, this task becomes more efficient as it will draw only that much power which is required to keep the temperature at a stable level and would adjust according to the cooling requirement of the room. This process is highly beneficial as it would save on a lot of electricity thus reducing the costing on the bills to a significant level. However, one needs to make sure that you install the right size of air conditioner along with an appropriate capacity in the room before you make a purchase in the same.
The basic difference that you would find in the standard non-inverter ACs and the inverter ACs is that the latter has variable speed and can have compressors that can stay on for almost all the time. The inverter technology in the AC is responsible for changing the flow rate of the refrigerant which is primarily based on the heat present in the room. If the heat is less, the flow rate will adjust accordingly and would become less, and vice versa.
Split Inverter AC in India started getting star ratings a few years back and is now available in BEE 3, 4, and 5-star ratings. It has been seen that the efficiency of the power consumed by BEE 3 star ratings is 7% more than that of the non-inverter ACs which makes the former a better option to purchase as it would serve for a longer period of time. You might at first find these units a bit more expensive than the usual air conditioners; they would eventually balance out the extra cost in terms of lower energy bills. Also, if you are planning to use solar PV for the air conditioners, then the inverter ACs have an advantage as they would help in reducing the size of PV panels which in return would consume less electricity.
On a final note, by comparing the pros of the split inverter AC in India versus the normal ones, we find that the former ones consume 40% less electricity and provide a constant cool temperature whenever you switch it on. Another plus point is that the inverter ACs are quite silent and normally last longer than the usual ones as they run at slower speeds without affecting the functioning of the compressor on a consistent basis.